This 1908 painting by John Ward Dunsmore depicts a 1642 treaty between Jonas Bronck, the first European settler (and namesake) of the Bronx, and the Weckquaesgeek Indians. The treaty, signed at Bronck's house, tried to end hostilities. Over the next twenty years,
Native Americans had little choice but to sign a series of treaties that gradually extinguished their claims to their lands
along the river.